Linux操作系统下实时定时器posix_timer


其实Linux下还有一种高精度的定时器,那就是posix_timer.原理上来说,可以在变频的时候也使用rdtsc指令,因为CPU的频率我们也是知道的,变频的时候内核也是知道的。

    下面是我的timer_create的例子,编译的时候要加上rt库,这是linux的realtime库:

     gcc -o test test.c

#include
#include
#include
#include
#include

#define rdtsc(low,high) __asm__ __volatile__("rdtsc" : "=a" (low), "=d" (high))

timer_t tt;

void handler (int sig, siginfo_t * extra, void *cruft)
...{
static last_i=0;
unsigned int i, j;
rdtsc(i,j);
printf ("time:%u, %u, [%u] %uHZ ", j, i, i-last_i, (i-last_i)*10/1000000);
last_i = i;
}

int main ()
...{
int i=0;
sigset_t sigset;

sigfillset (&sigset);
sigdelset (&sigset, SIGRTMIN);
sigprocmask (SIG_SETMASK, &sigset, NULL);

struct sigaction sa;
sigfillset (&sa.sa_mask);
sa.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
sa.sa_sigaction = handler;

if (sigaction (SIGRTMIN, &sa, NULL) < 0)
...{
perror ("sigaction failed ");
exit (-1);
}

struct sigevent timer_event;
struct itimerspec timer;

timer.it_interval.tv_sec = 0;
timer.it_interval.tv_nsec = 100 * 1000 * 1000;
timer.it_value = timer.it_interval;

timer_event.sigev_notify = SIGEV_SIGNAL;
timer_event.sigev_signo = SIGRTMIN;
timer_event.sigev_value.sival_ptr = (void *) &tt;

if (timer_create (CLOCK_REALTIME, &timer_event, &tt) < 0)
...{
perror ("timer_create failed");
exit (-1);
}

if (timer_settime (tt, 0, &timer, NULL) < 0)
...{
perror ("timer_settime failed");
exit (-1);
}

while (i++ < 10)
...{
pause ();
}

return 0;
}


    输出结果:
   
     time:166081, 1934350847, [1934350847] 2163HZ
time:166081, 2120528291, [186177444] 1861HZ
time:166081, 2306679576, [186151285] 1861HZ
time:166081, 2494695630, [188016054] 1880HZ
time:166081, 2680865389, [186169759] 1861HZ
time:166081, 2867018473, [186153084] 1861HZ
time:166081, 3053152230, [186133757] 1861HZ
time:166081, 3239309935, [186157705] 1861HZ
time:166081, 3425467261, [186157326] 1861HZ
time:166081, 3611639266, [186172005] 1861HZ

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