session_set_save_handler Sets user-level session storage functions


session_set_save_handler

(PHP 4, PHP 5)

session_set_save_handlerSets user-level session storage functions

说明

bool session_set_save_handler ( callback $open , callback $close , callback $read , callback $write , callback $destroy , callback $gc )

session_set_save_handler() sets the user-level session storage functions which are used for storing and retrieving data associated with a session. This is most useful when a storage method other than those supplied by PHP sessions is preferred. i.e. Storing the session data in a local database.

参数

open

Open function, this works like a constructor in classes and is executed when the session is being opened. The open function expects two parameters, where the first is the save path and the second is the session name.

close

Close function, this works like a destructor in classes and is executed when the session operation is done.

read

Read function must return string value always to make save handler work as expected. Return empty string if there is no data to read. Return values from other handlers are converted to boolean expression. TRUE for success, FALSE for failure.

write

Write function that is called when session data is to be saved. This function expects two parameters: an identifier and the data associated with it.

Note:

The "write" handler is not executed until after the output stream is closed. Thus, output from debugging statements in the "write" handler will never be seen in the browser. If debugging output is necessary, it is suggested that the debug output be written to a file instead.

destroy

The destroy handler, this is executed when a session is destroyed with session_destroy() and takes the session id as its only parameter.

gc

The garbage collector, this is executed when the session garbage collector is executed and takes the max session lifetime as its only parameter.

返回值

成功时返回 TRUE, 或者在失败时返回 FALSE.

范例

Example #1 session_set_save_handler() example

The following example provides file based session storage similar to the PHP sessions default save handler files. This example could easily be extended to cover database storage using your favorite PHP supported database engine.

<?php
function open($save_path$session_name)
{
  global 
$sess_save_path;

  
$sess_save_path $save_path;
  return(
true);
}

function 
close()
{
  return(
true);
}

function 
read($id)
{
  global 
$sess_save_path;

  
$sess_file "$sess_save_path/sess_$id";
  return (string) @
file_get_contents($sess_file);
}

function 
write($id$sess_data)
{
  global 
$sess_save_path;

  
$sess_file "$sess_save_path/sess_$id";
  if (
$fp = @fopen($sess_file"w")) {
    
$return fwrite($fp$sess_data);
    
fclose($fp);
    return 
$return;
  } else {
    return(
false);
  }

}

function 
destroy($id)
{
  global 
$sess_save_path;

  
$sess_file "$sess_save_path/sess_$id";
  return(@
unlink($sess_file));
}

function 
gc($maxlifetime)
{
  global 
$sess_save_path;

  foreach (
glob("$sess_save_path/sess_*") as $filename) {
    if (
filemtime($filename) + $maxlifetime time()) {
      @
unlink($filename);
    }
  }
  return 
true;
}

session_set_save_handler("open""close""read""write""destroy""gc");

session_start();

// proceed to use sessions normally

?>

注释

Warning

As of PHP 5.0.5 the write and close handlers are called after object destruction and therefore cannot use objects or throw exceptions. The object destructors can however use sessions.

It is possible to call session_write_close() from the destructor to solve this chicken and egg problem.

Warning

Current working directory is changed with some SAPIs if session is closed in the script termination. It is possible to close the session earlier with session_write_close().

参见

  • The session.save_handler configuration directive


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